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02-19-19 Supplemental Elk ResearchEvaluating factors influencing elk recruitment and behavioral responses of elk to human recreation t { k Er . .{t L >'-l 7 I ( r! r-dri! 7-? / Galf:cow ratios H tr1a; ',' tn\, lrf * {rt lfi ,tF- h I h t+,1r.{t.} il ;r ,r,,r ? r$aI wl 1,0Y ?;\ *;flAae",fr$tl1,}. s,rt' ll I ,} ll*.-*. t'G J t- -* :** 3*_ {tr: i. L I J, Jones Calf:cow ratios 1F 1!,., H ti 1F. *- fnrtio of juveniles:100 adult female elk = indel of recruitment Ils?r-{{a-'j rat --.-: -)-- 1 3* zf.- S"- t J. Jones Galf:cow ratios n$h tt I+.tr 1, {ll 1r\ t T *^ -r %; i::"- J-' *r"' L I J. Jones Ratio of juveniles:100 adult female elk = index of recruitment (aeria! surveys, Dec-Feb) E Galf:cow ratios tan t+ {, {+r trYI;f- 1r+ \ t# h h fr Hils ilil hh tt'h-* }? .r--IDrr - lt I tTt )6\ H hfr. 1n 1n!n' I li q'*{(1 tr ttit * {*\ ti f ; r J;t ta 7;.:l- /!8, IT E I Assess herd status and population trends I * ED --F "t- I J. Jones Galf:cow ratios I 'r'$h ttt h, H _h 1a. !lnt+ * ?rr *a h,!ti'' t+ ,n F !nfiflt * nt fi ry" s fiTrft,r :r-I l* lncreasing concern about declining ratios h -- I COro I TU a E O(o o CO O o .cto o- o, O) I uJ ro I tU NWIIroorooT999orr)oro$$1r)1r) Lo troo snrnlor(I,o1r)0Oi6PTY -ErOOrOOzN(Y)CT)Nr-i., oo'6}Eof,oo c, :q(, F oo (Eo @c{ Iu (o N Itu@(a I UJ (f, (f, I IUo,(o I I.IJ @ I TU a LU NN Iul F. I r.u cf) I I,U C! cf, , r.u (o C{ I I,Uc! I UJ CO$ I UJ (o I TU !t Itu $(f) I Lu toNI r.u Nrr) I UI (o I o6 E'doL5o oc! Iul c{ Iul lf) I[T o I I,U o o +,9$ JI?Ult,tr o) I tU tc{ I tU I a I t I B I E I Ila,' . r --.rlT (o I r.u B I IE ll t'fff a,oC"oa :-? l. I # I i 1 I I * t T +,g o E {r,TI =Lool- ttso oL =o (Eo E +,ootfr!-o CL E !I oo !I+,(EL =o(J IItts I (Eo t , I 4 / 1 / r" f E 'll,; Calf:cow ratios imperfect measure of recruitment fur, Affected by harvest, pregnancy rates, calf survival, and adult female survival - I \L I \d,e --.'"*!fti{ryG trt*nr{69 \\* +:t -a:i?*frt -** T II I J. Jonbs E- .=F. - X--ltrr, ._: l Calf:cow ratios imperfect measure of recruitment - }G [\4ultiple scenarios can produce same ratio E - I *"qtnrr{$; \*e \+i ' J. Jones I h- Affected by harvest, pregnancy rates, calf survival, aB'Q adult female survivat #,4 ;:ii-" '' ",:')' ".'.:'":' '.i.rg*i *- - . *''r$$8@lln .].,:Yf;{ .;qb, \r:*Faarft q'rr. Galf:cow ratios imperfect measure of recruitment - - -;:+ \k:*75A1q -*c*, \ - l\/r rltinla snannrinq nAn nrndr rnrr !b Need long-term monitoring of individual calves and adult females to determine factors affecting recruitment -tF \t '*r=rvX$Eis+_-\ \{r I J. JohbsI Affected by harvest, pregnancy rates, calf survival, and adult female survival + Ei @N I r.u@(o I l'U o) (f) I I.JJ @ I IU I [U c\I(f) t Lu (oNI l.UN !r LU (o I l'U $m I I.IJ (r, t O(f} E'd (E L o NI LU a E o(o oco o ) z ry El-o -CY o (o lro.CoC t- cf) (f) I tU ..- (o ro I LrJ N! rr)c! 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I +,tr{roL -ots+, +,o'=sE LL E-YIlr.=o cL cr) :=o+r?a--bEE=r -tr II I i I i T>F ,tI if I I 1 { I .t I a \ \ .1 a II r T I I l',.- .;'ffi*-$ Iv \\i Ilt I 1 T I *lr "/ ldentify prima ry factors infl uencing elk recruitment Catch adult female elk in March to assess health of herds (body condition, pregnancy rates), and deploy GPS collars/transmitters I * ,' a -ll a.r lrftr! / "/,!*aa.-; t *J {lrHrr ,d { ! 7 .l I !j Iil I I I \. u a' (E {E' l.- ";tt €r/,| /./: l t F , - Catch adult female elk in March to assess health of herds (body condition, pregnancy rates), and deploy GPS collars/transmitters Catch and collar calves (May-June) to estimate survival, identify sources of mortality, and evaluate factors influencing mortality risk ldentify pri mary factors infl uencing elk recruitment -c t,,tI, J 7 i' /'a + t rF ,/ I "rt" :og.l1 { €-/ l! ; ' I ,I \ FTh/a I {I I 4 *F 4.1 1 L.t 'j& L uB.L \* ) U o)(a Itu @ I LU C\ I I,U a E O(o o co o z Et-o.C l< o Glbo C)C t-F cf) cf) I IU COlo Iu roc{ t UJ o .cto Jffio_ Et-o.C lz o J (Uo (U o- ot-o,.C$o- EooCf oc{ I tU C\|4 Iu Nc! 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Itu C\l I TU tt C\,1i UJ Recreational activity Assess behavioral responses of elk to recreational disturbance Ytr "\ a.,\ 4 -1 I a rt 5L.*3dL, .JI r x5 ri* flF-.--{ 1 .. , i- EJ -/ G; Recreational activity t & Assess behavioral responses of elk to recreational disturbance This study will evaluate the cumulative impacts of recreation. t4$ ffip-- i &. a {'_, 1 **!t .l i.r.$ni Er* ..-,1 G Recreational activity Assess behavioral responses of elk to recreational disturbance Collared elk from recruitment study will allow us to evaluate individual movement behaviors ,i -/ T F iL t, q --db'ltuLSI ^t EK'- lt m1::; G Recreational activity I Assess behavioral responses of elk to recreational disturbance I Collared elk from recruitment study will allow u$ to evaluate individual movement behaviors We also have a strong interest in evaluating elk presence on specific geographic areas t \ ( I ;*'*.3 j" ff -/ Recreational activity - I Assess behavioral responses of elk to recreational disturbance II Collared elk from recruitment study will allow us to evaluate individual rnovement behaviors We also have a strong interest in evaluating elk presence on specific geographic areas Recently developed quantitative tools using trail cameras will allow use to repeatedly estimate elk abundance in small areas and during short time periods --3*...-$ \ 7 t :*-.I *, II II+,o (E E (E tro II {r, (EoL fJot, H .I Is ,/ '1 aW,N ,f #lI a I Recreational activity III I T ll I G Our camera sampling will be focused on elk, but we will have the ability to evaluate other species F A r i=. 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':r i{i /r/ Ga tu &p re re S de nt e I k a dy{,/f /r""!tiI { /r IJ i / g JC*Sou6 Er.r. HERE.D.lJm.lnta.mp.GEBCO, USGS, FAO, NPS. &dnano t*brtopo, Ml,.nylndh. O , U!E Sltq/,E!r i Japrn.METi.E!rl Chinr trll c6.y Ch'..I C!'rl Lllll{ -'qrrrr, J -tJ f "j I o'06ro r,a, Crae r tloy&fitfilr uaatf 9 fuq.ao otls , :r e\ J"J lGN, l<ldffir NL, @ntbutil, tn6 th. GIS aa Gamera grids in E-1 5 The Growii .-r l,i I I ll' r j I .'l' S I , t.-l ;l Wi IdE { .d.rod- ', t wm Kldarts tlL,FIERE. Dr{sffi. d, 'eryrnda\ Sou6; E.i J! pr n,?ulETl. a S € GsBare,tGfi. aft tnG GIS Two Sh Ranch Fl l-t' I "r I 'ti t' t I t n J T il / I t t. I Itl I I Pregnancy rate: affected by nutrition, body condition, reproduction the previous year, age Factors affecting recruitment 't a. I I I I 1 I a r N' (u Ct---oFgogu I -F L E -hLbeo=BE6=,-\ rrrj@ E o .E.E .= -Fr -u V, L t\.- ,Ft u v =flZ. cu -^g e I' F,g E d F€ oo >oE=-Oo(U? oh-idP g jEE E HhE EEY t) ,, cFE E 8 e a =Pd E 6 ^H \ ffi! 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